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R&D Projects
Environment is a highly complex and varied issue and as a consequence, an extremely diverse projects have been taken up by the Department of Biotechnology.

During the 11th Five Year Plan (2007 to 2012), a total of 112 R&D projects were supported by the DBT in these areas and generated the following scientific leads/ technologies:

  • Five green water technologies for coastal aquaculture
  • Three technologies for technological improvement in pulp and paper effluent treatment
  • Developed protocol for application of biosurfactant in bioremediation and in-situ production of surface active molecules to improve the bioavailability
  • Developed bioplastics by reinforcing waste plant material into low density polyethylene via compressio moulding and developed method for size reduction of natural fibres for using as reinforcement in plastics
  • Developed a technology for sensing arsenic by arsenic-resistant microbes and cell free extract of the microbes
  • The PCR-based technique developed allowed accurate discrimination between the commonly prevalent trematode species
  • Technology developed for tannery effluent for removal for chromium by fungus (Aspergillus niger FIST1) and bacterium (Serratia mercascens) and degradation of biotic, pentachlorophenol by stable bacterial consortium-chromium cake
  • Technology developed for preparation leather by enzyme technology (protease and lipase) and chromium cake for tanning leather
  • Technology developed for pulp and paper mill effluent for removal of colour by fungus (Cryptococcus albidus), and degradation of chlorinated phenol by alkalophilic bacterial consortium
  • Preparation of pulp and paper after treatment by micro-organism, bio-pulping and bio-leaching
  • Production of bio-ethanol from bagasse of pulp and paper mill effluent
  • Site specific restoration technologies have been developed and transferred for restoration of mined out areas by stakeholders.
  • Isolation of high molecular weight metagenomic DNA from a highly polluted soil samples
  • Metagenome sequencing (pyrosequencing) of a polluted soil sample to get the insight into the microbial community prevailing in the niche and to know the catabolic repertory present in the community.