Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Centre
Department is coordinating Indo-US Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Centre (JCERDC) and Biofuel consortium is supported by Department. The consortium is co-led by the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology-Hyderabad and the University of Florida-Gainesville. An independent Project Monitoring Committee reviews progress of this collaborative project twice in a year. A joint presentation was made during Indo-US Energy Dialogue held on September 2, 2015 in Washington DC, which was co-chaired by Minister of Power, from GOI and Secretary, DoE US.
The U.S.-India Consortium for development of Sustainable Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuel Systems emphasizes on sustainable feedstock cultivation and supply, biochemical conversion technologies for production of second generation biofuels with minimal environmental impact, and analysis of overall sustainability and supply chain of feedstock.
High biomass sorghum, pearl millet and bamboo have been identified as feedstock from India side. Out of 36 genotypes of high biomass sorghum genotypes tested for various agronomic traits (plant height, fresh yield, stover yield, etc.) 10 genotypes showed superior stalk yields during post rainy season. Also a good draught tolerant line identified based on multi location trial. Vegetative propagation of 20 bamboo germplasms is in progress. Abellon, one of the Industry partners has collected 20 different bamboo germplasm from various parts of India after consulting with National Bamboo Mission (NBM). Six out of 20 germplasm lines have been established at Modasa for further studies, while others are in the process of being established.
For conversion of sorghum biomass, 21 cellulolytic fungi have been isolated at TNAU. Standardization of alcohol fermentation to establish base levels on glucose substrate using in-house Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been initiated at IIT-D. Similarly, standardization of pre-treatment variables of the biomass samples, isolation of microbial strains from various biosphere zones, and screening of biomass degrading-enzymes (xylanase and cellulase) have been initiated at IICT.
Consortia partners ICRISAT, DSR and RVSKVV, CESS are conducting socio economic study with the farmers from Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh for cultivation of above three feedstock. Baseline survey fieldwork has been completed in Madhya Pradesh by CESS. Preliminary survey findings showed mono-cropping being pre-dominant in the study areas.