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Chronic Disease Biology

That Indian society is progressing economically is a happy fact, but not totally devoid of some scare. Average incomes are rising, but that is coming from jobs that are crushing in their deadlines, and hence provoking what is called a fast lifestyle. To cope with that, young Indians are doing all the wrong things: smoking, drinking, eating junk food, not exercising, taking too much mental and emotional stress.

Chronic diseases (CD) are long-term medical conditions that are generally progressive in nature. These are also called life-style related diseases as the major cause of most CDs is the faulty life-style such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and smoking which are mostly modifiable. CDs include heart disease, diabetes & other metabolic disorders, stroke, chronic respiratory problems-COPD, Kidney problems and some cancers as well.

Adopting healthy lifestyle practices such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and quitting or avoiding tobacco use can prevent or control the onset of debilitating and expensive complications of chronic diseases. CDs are the most common and costly health problems, but are most preventable and effectively controlled. Currently, CDs constitute the major cause of disability and death globally. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), almost half of all chronic disease deaths occur in people under the age of 70. Once thought to be confined to developed world, 2/3 rd of the deaths due to CDs are now caused in developing world.

About 8 years back, DBT started focussing on Chronic Diseases

Vision for Chronic Disease Biology

Accordingly, a vision for the next decade was developed for CDB:

  • Human Resource Development
  • Creating state-of-the-art Infrastructure
  • Generating science-base broad-based projects
  • Fund specific disease-biology based projects
  • Setting-up Centres of Excellence/Institutes for 2-3 Chronic Diseases of national relevance
  • Setting up prospective cohorts for chronic diseases with Bio-banking and generating reliable data on disease burden
  • Generating high impact publications, patents and technologies
Initial Focus

Major Achievements
Special schemes – NE, J&K

Office Memorandum


Programme officer
Dr. Sandhya R. Shenoy (Cancer Disease Biology and Metabolic Diseases & Autoimmune Disorders)
Joint Director/Scientist ‘E’
Medical Biotechnology Division

Dr. Garima Gupta (Neurosciences and Mental Health)
Scientist ‘E’
Email: garima[dot]g[at]nic[dot]in