The Department of Biotechnology instituted the ‘Innovative Young Biotechnologist Award’ (IYBA) in the year 2005. This is an attractive, career oriented scheme to identify and nurture outstanding young scientists with innovative ideas and desirous of pursuing research in frontier areas of biotechnology. Young scientists up to the age of 35 years are considered for this award. Scientists without regular employment are also eligible for this award. The award consists of financial support for a proposed project besides a fellowship of Rs. 75,000/- per month for those awardees who are not in regular employment. Such awardees not in regular employment must be attached to a senior faculty scientist (mentor) in a University, Research Institute, Medical/Agriculture/ Veterinary College or any other research institute of repute. The mentor should agree to provide laboratory space and other needed facilities. The application must be forwarded by the head of the institute or duly designated competent authority. It is expected that the awardees will work independently and that the mentor will facilitate the awardee’s research efforts. Awardees having regular employment will receive a cash award of Rs.1, 00,000/- (Rupees One Lakh Only) every year during the period of the project.