Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the ambitious ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ (Clean India Mission) on 2nd October 2014. The ‘Abhiyan’ was launched on Mahatma Gandhi’s 145th birth anniversary. The Govt. has launched a campaign on 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Hon’ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi to have a cleanliness drive in the country involving Government employees, school students and college students from all parts of India called the campaign “Satyagrah se Swachhagrah” in reference to Gandhi’s “Champaran Satyagraha” launched on 10th April 1917. The purpose of the Swachh Bharat mission is to find solutions to cleanliness challenges that face India, where S&T can be the driving force. Cleanliness is not a linear challenge and DBT is approaching this multidimensional problem through a multipronged approach by supporting talents from several disciplines.
The mission contains two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (“Gramin” or rural), with the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. All the Ministries played a pivotal role in Swachhta Mission by creating awareness and implementation across the country to realize the steps required to address sanitation and hygiene with an objective of the Swachhta Pakhwada to sensitize and ensure good health and hygiene by creating awareness on clean and safe environment, personal health, hygiene and good practices including hand washing on cleanliness, in order to create safe, healthy, clean and green environment.
DBT has also carried out swachhta activities in its headquarter. The activities were also carried out by the autonomous institutes and the PSUs; taking these activities seriously throughout the Pakhwada. The event was made successful by organizing various activities by giving emphasis on sanitation through innovative and creative ideas, mass mobilization of swachhta movements by organizing swachhta workshop on cleanliness and waste management, painting and poetry competition and giving ‘shramdan’ by special cleanliness drive. To ensure successful implementation, various events were organized and a competition held as a part of Swachhta Pakhwada.
The highlights of the Swachchhta Pakhwada are:
The department has been putting serious R&D efforts on supporting bio-toilet technologies in Schools of North Eastern States. The proposals to develop & demonstrate technologies for sustainable utilization of solid waste, waste to clean energy and efforts on clean Delhi’s Barapullah drain with Dutch collaboration.
DBT is participating in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan through a range of initiatives like the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, setting up bio-toilets in schools of North Eastern States. The department is coordinating the Mission Innovation on clean energy for India, proposals have been invited to develop and demonstrate technologies for sustainable utilization of municipal solid waste for cleaner and pollution free environment as well as generation of the energy from the waste. DBT is also contributing to national efforts to clean up Indian rivers by supporting a major effort along with the Netherlands to implement novel technologies for cleaning up of the Barapullah canal. This will include setting up laboratories at the drain site. DBT has also supported technologies for bio-remediation and phyto-remediation.
In an effort to give cleaner toilets to the nation, DBT & BIRAC in collaboration with BMGF has supported novel bio-toilet technologies through ‘Reinvented the Toilet Challenge for India (RTTC)’ programme. Six new bio-toilet technologies, five of which aims at developing proof of concept while one focuses on field testing of off-grid, self-sustained, modular, electronic toilet for houses and communities. The Energy and Resources Institute has been supported for installation of 100 toilets to demonstrate technology. Several bio-toilets will be set up in Schools of North Eastern States. The initiatives have been taken by DBT to find sustainable sanitation solutions for processing waste that include controlling the environmental contamination, improving users’ acceptance and experience, ease of maintenance and operation in resource poor settings.
Waste to wealth concept has been promoted under Swachh Bharat Mission to demonstrate technologies for sustainable utilization of MSW waste for cleaner and pollution free environment as well as generation of the energy from MSW. The department have received a great boost from the Government’s initiatives like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to implement key missions alongwith other Ministries is working for include some, which are critical for the environment mitigating climate change impact on farmers and agriculture, clean energy, Swachh Bharat – waste to energy.
The participating AIs and PSUs have been considered for recognizing their best effort in Swachhta Pakhwada with the Swachhta Pakhwada Award in coordination with the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation for the best performance.