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Agriculture, Industrial and Bio-resource Achievements

Wheat genome decoded: India played a crucial role in the international partnership to decode the Wheat Genome. In this partnership fifteen countries joined hands to complete this huge task of decoding 17,000 million bases. Indian Scientists participated in Decoding Chromosome 2A.

Blight resistant rice variety developed: Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) and Directorate of Rice Research (DRR) have jointly developed bacterial blight resistant Rice variety “Samba Mahsuri’ through Marker Assisted Selection and Backcross Breeding. The variety has so far spread to an area of 90,000 ha in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Maize hybrid (Vivek 9) with High Quality Protein and Increased Provitamin A developed and released.

High zinc rice developed: This rice variety developed for the first time has 22-24 ppm zinc and named as CGZR-1 would be available to farmers in another two years after all India trials.

Twelve popular rice varieties to be grown in the rain fed agri-eco systems developed by incorporating major quantitative trait loci (QTL) or genes for flood, drought and salt tolerance.

Bread wheat & durum wheat genotypes with high yield& high micronutrient concentration developed in optimum soil zinc
Bio-energy and Bio-resources

DBT-ICT Centre for Energy Biosciences established at Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai developed Cellulosic ethanol technology. Based on this indigenous technology a demo/pilot plant has been designed with a capacity of 10 tonnes lignocellulosic biomass per day to produce 3000 L ethanol/day on a continuous basis. India Glycol Limited has carried out the design work with financial support from DBT-BIRAC. It is expected that the commercial plants based on the technology will be built in 2016, which is not far behind the technologies being implemented in the USA.

2.50 lakhs microbes were screened for anti cancer, anti diabetic, anti inflammation & anti infective activities: Under a Mission programme on microbial prospecting: ‘Drugs from Microbes’ Involving nine institutes and an industrial partner in a public private partnership model, 2.50 lakhs microbes were screened for four activities, i.e., anti cancer, anti diabetic, anti-inflammation and anti-infective activities. A total of 16123 three star hits were obtained Anti-infective – 5286; anti cancer – 518; anti-inflammation – 3643; anti-diabetic – 6676. One new chemical entity with anticancer and anti-inflammatory activity and 12 probable new use of compound were identified. Efforts are being made to explore the strategies for moving some of the active molecules obtained in the current program from discovery to Pre-Investigational New Drug (IND) studies, thereby creating a path of development of molecules. The Country’s largest Microbial Culture Collection Centre was set up at NCCS, Pune with 2,00,000 cultures.